What is a data engineer?
With the onset of the pandemic, there has been a steady growth of global digitalization, and with it came a huge surge of raw data that businesses can leverage for their growth.
However, businesses need a professional who can source this raw data from a reliable source, process it, and make it ready for analysis.
And this professional is no other than a data engineer.
Data engineering is one of the fastest-growing positions in the tech industry with a projected annual growth of 50% in terms of job opportunities, but there is an unmatched supply of talent.
Meaning, that there is a huge demand for skilled data engineers in the current job market and if you are an aspiring data engineer, now is a great time to grab these opportunities.
Read on to get an insight into the data engineer job description and related FAQs like the following:
- What is a data engineer in simple terms?
- What is the data engineer job description?
- What are the requirements of a data engineer?
- What are data engineering skills?
- What is a data engineer job description sample?
- How much do data engineers make in a year?
What is Data Engineering?
Just like how regular engineers design and build things, data engineers set up pipelines that convert raw data into a readable format for data scientists and analysts to work with.
And this process of setting up pipelines and the conversion of data is known as data engineering.
Data engineering is far from being limited to the tech industry alone as its application is crucial in almost every sector.
Data engineers process and channel the data to facilitate machine learning and deep learning.
Data Engineer Job Description
If you are considering a career in data engineering, you must be clear about the data engineer responsibilities to help you arm yourself with the required skills.
Given below are some of the general data engineer roles and responsibilities:
Data engineers are responsible for designing frameworks and structures for data architecture to streamline the process of sourcing, processing, and maintaining data with respect to business requirements.
They must also test these structures to ensure that they fit the purpose.
To initiate the process of data engineering, data engineers must source data from credible sources and compile them for further extraction.
They need to identify opportunities for data acquisition, combine raw data from various sources, and enhance the data’s quality and reliability.
The job description of a data engineer entails developing algorithms to transform the sourced data into interpretable patterns and actionable information.
The algorithms and prototypes must be developed while keeping the company objectives and security policies in mind.
Data engineers are also tasked with creating models that automate tasks by identifying patterns.
They develop prescriptive models that allow users to benefit from the recommendations for various results.
By using analytics tools like Apache Spark, Knime, and Tableau, data engineers generate resourceful insights for various industries.
Data Engineer Requirements
Since there is no specific data engineering degree, the minimum educational qualification required to become a data engineer is a bachelor’s degree in computer science, mathematics, or a related field.
Additionally, having relevant experience, proficiency in programming languages like Python, C++, SQL, Java, and familiarity with Apache Hadoop and Spark are some prerequisites for data engineers.
The following are some of the other requirements you must meet:
Data Engineer Skills
Data engineers need to possess an array of specialized skills to meet the requirements of the data engineer job description.
Besides technical skills, you must have exceptional communication, presentation, and collaborating skills.
Listed below are some of the other essential data engineer skills that you must have:
|Data Scripting||Data Automation|
|Data Architecture||Cloud Computing|
|Data Security||Apache Hadoop-based Analytics|
|Machine Learning||API Integration|
|Data Structure||Data Pipeline Management|
|Data Modelling||Framework Designing|
Data Engineering Certifications
Being certified is not a mandatory requirement to become a data engineer.
However, technical expertise in data modeling, mining, and other segmentation techniques is crucial.
Thus, having extra certifications validates your skills and proves your ability to meet the requirements of a data engineer job description.
The following is a list of some in-demand certification courses that you can take up:
- IBM Certified Solution Architect -- Data Warehouse V1
- Data Science Council of America (DASCA) Associate Big Data Engineer
- Google Professional Data Engineer
- AWS Certified Data Analytics Specialty
- Data Engineering with Google Cloud Professional Certificate
- IBM Data Engineering Fundamentals
- Data Processing and Analysis
Data Engineer Job Description Sample
When you prepare to apply for data engineer jobs, you must tailor your resume according to the job description provided in the listing to increase your chances of getting hired.
For your reference, given below is a data engineer job description sample that you will come across in listings:
We are looking for a skilled data engineer to join our team of data experts at ILB. As a data engineer, you will be responsible for growing and optimizing data flow and pipeline architecture. You will be coordinating with software developers, data analysts, and data scientists to facilitate business growth and support new products.
Data Engineer Responsibilities
- Designing data solution frameworks using Hadoop tools and technologies along with Cloudera, Scala Programming, HDInsights, and Azure
- Ingesting data from databases, streams, and files and process the same with Hadoop, SQL database, Spark, and IoT
- Developing programs using Python and Scala to clean and process raw data
- Designing software codes for various cases using Big Data technologies and Python
- Designing and developing high-volume, multi-threaded event processing programs
- Implementing scalable solutions for growing data volumes by leveraging cloud technologies like Kafka and Pyspark
Data Engineer Requirements
- Proficiency in SQL, relational databases, and programming languages like Python and Java
- Hands-on experience with optimizing big data pipelines and data sets
- Working knowledge of stream processing and message queuing
- Exceptional organizational, teamwork, and project management skills
- 3+ years of experience as a data engineer or analyst
- Bachelor’s degree in computer engineering preferred
Also read: How to apply for data science jobs in 2022?
Data Engineer Salary
The average data engineer salary in the US is $115,687 per annum.
The said figure can however change based on location, skills, experience, and the employer.
Data engineers are also entitled to yearly cash bonuses and other benefits which can vary depending on the company they work for.
Listed below are some of the highest paying US cities for data engineer jobs:
|US CITIES||AVERAGE SALARY|
|San Francisco, CA||$141,129|
|San Jose, CA||$134,283|
|New York, NY||$134,006|
|Los Angeles, CA||$126,836|
Meanwhile, the highest paying companies for data engineer jobs are given below:
Key Points from the Blog
- Data engineering is one of the fastest-growing positions in the tech industry with a projected annual growth of 50% in terms of job opportunities.
- Data engineers set up pipelines that convert raw data into a readable format for data scientists and analysts to work with.
- They process and channel the data that facilitates machine learning and deep learning.
- The data engineer job description includes designing frameworks & structures for data architecture along with data mining.
- By using analytics tools like Apache Spark, Knime, and Tableau, data engineers generate resourceful insights for various industries.
- Besides technical skills, you must have exceptional communication, presentation, and collaborating skills to become a data engineer.
- Technical expertise in data modeling, mining, and other segmentation techniques is crucial.