CV is actually read by real recruiters (not robots) – despite what you may have heard.

It is not true that you do not need a CV anymore. Even with the growth of social media and other non-conventional methods, CVs are still an integral part of the hiring process, not to mention a great way to sell yourself to a role.

So instead of filling it with keywords and meaningless phrases, make sure it is actually readable - and tailored to the role you are applying for.

Also, always ensure your skills are backed up with real examples. That way, you’re far more likely to hold an employer’s attention.

After all, they hear clichés and buzzwords every day. So even if you are a ‘perfectionist with great multitasking skills’ – you have to personalise your CV, to make it different from the rest.

Simply put, like a resume, a curriculum vitae ( CV ) is a summary of your experience and skills.

However, CVs are longer than resumes - transcending two or three pages.

CVs include information on your academic background, including teaching experience, degrees, research, awards, publications, presentations, and other achievements.

CVs are thus much longer than resumes, and include more information, particularly details related to one’s academic background.

A curriculum vitae summary is a one-to-two-page, condensed version of a full curriculum vitae. A CV summary is a way to quickly and concisely convey one’s skills and qualifications. Sometimes large organizations will initially ask for a one-page CV summary when they expect a large pool of applicants.

Who needs a CV?

As touched upon briefly above, CVs are primarily popular among academics, as graduate students often spend a lot of effort getting their work published during these post-grad years.

While higher-education institutions undoubtedly evaluate a potential candidate's grades and test scores, they're also eager to see where an applicant's been published.

"Publish or perish" was a popular sentiment during graduation. Well, it appears not much has changed.

Students of fellowship or doctorate would often reiterate how important it is to get published in one's career and reflect it in the standard academic CV.

Where do you need a CV?

Basically, when you are applying for a job in New York City, Minneapolis or Austin, there should be clear language on what is required with the application. More often than not, they all require a resume.

However, opportunities overseas will explicitly state that you need to submit a CV or resume for consideration.

US and Canadian residents often need a CV in case they are applying to work abroad, specifically in the UK, Ireland, and New Zealand.

In these countries, only a CV is used for all purposes. Resumes are not used at all.

American resumes follow a format different from in Ireland. This is very important because if your resume does not follow a format the hiring manager is used to, he or she may view it as poorly prepared. Remember even the best CV in Ireland may not be appropriate for an employer in the US.

The CV prevails in mainland Europe and there is even a European Union CV format available for download if you're confused about how to build one.

CV Format: How to write a CV

The cv writing format is considerably different from a resume format.

A cv does not entertain the reverse chronological order. It is the type of document that is expressively opposite to a standard resume.

CV template - Types

Creative CV (for showing skills in marketing, design, and other creative fields)
Technical CV (for IT-based positions)
Teaching CV (for teaching roles)
Academic CV (for research/lecturing based positions or PhDs)
Skills-based CV (for those with little work experience)

CV Length

Only include what is going to make you a good fit for the role you are applying for, and do not overdo it with unnecessary detail.

You can always use addenda or a portfolio to elaborate on any skills, projects or experiences you did not have room for in your CV.

CV Content

Like a resume, your curriculum vitae should include your name, contact information, education, skills, and experience.

Additionally, a CV includes research and teaching experience, publications, grants and fellowships, professional associations and licenses, awards, and other information relevant to the position you are applying for.

You must still start with a master CV, listing all the background information and then organizing it into categories.

As opposed to a resume which you tailor according to your target job profile, a CV contains all of the following information:

  • Contact information
  • Academic history
  • Professional experience
  • Qualifications and skills
  • Awards and honors
  • Publications
  • Professional associations
  • Grants and fellowships
  • Licenses and certificates
  • Volunteer work
  • Personal information
  • Hobbies and interests

How to write a CV

  • Use active verbs wherever possible. For example, you could include words like 'created', 'analysed' and 'devised' to present yourself as a person who shows initiative.
  • There should be no spelling or grammar mistakes in your CV. Use a spell checker and enlist a second pair of eyes to check over it.
  • Avoid using generic phrases such as 'team player', 'hardworking' and 'multitasker'. Instead, provide real-life examples that demonstrate all of these skills.
  • Take a look at the company's website, local press and the job advert to make sure that your CV is targeted to the role and employer.
  • Decide whether the chronological, skills-based or academic CV is right for you. For more information, take a look at example CVs.
  • Don't put the term 'curriculum vitae' at the top of the page.
  • Provide a professional-sounding email address.
  • Never lie or exaggerate on your CV or job application. Not only will you demonstrate your dishonesty to a potential employer, but there can be serious consequences too. For example, altering your degree grade from a 2:2 to a 2:1 is classed as degree fraud and can result in a prison sentence.
  • If you're posting your CV online don't include your home address, as you could be targeted by fraudsters.
  • You should always include a cover letter unless the employer states otherwise. It will enable you to personalise your application to the job. You can draw attention to a particular part of your CV, disclose a disability or clarify gaps in your work history. Find out how to write a persuasive cover letter.


Avoid fonts such as Comic Sans. Instead, choose something more professional such as Calibri at 10 points.

Keep your CV concise and easy to read by using clear spacing and bullet points.

This type of CV template bolsters its readability, allowing employers to peruse your CV and quickly pick out the important information.

If you're posting your CV, go with white A4 paper. Only print on one side and don't fold your CV - you don't want it to arrive creased.

CV Template UK

The CV template UK is a different template which is esily available on the Europass Online CV maker UK.

This template allows you to enter all informartion with a CV form and then arranges your CV in the UK CV template.

UK CV layouts are simple and list all your experiences in chronological order from your education to your current work profile.

Ensure that your points highlight achievements and quantify your contributions to optimize the impact of your CV.

Curriculum Vitae USA

In the US, the universal CV is only accepted for the following:

  • Research/Fellowships/Grants
  • Academia
  • Medical

For other jobs in the United States, you should prepare an American style resume.

A resume is different than a CV.

Curriculum Vitae USA: Structure & Content

Technical Parameters:

  • Limit the length of your resume to one page, single-sided
  • You may use an 4 or 8.5 x 11 inch paper
  • Leave a 0.5 - 1 inch margins on all sides

If you are sending your resume via post, print it on quality paper synchronizing the colour scheme with your cover letter.

Do not include information such as:

  • age
  • gender
  • height
  • weight
  • marital status
  • photograph
  • religion
  • race
  • political preferences

Since it is illegal for US employers to make employment decisions based on attributes or preferences of applicants. If you share such information on your resume, your curriculum vitae usa could be disqualified.

Educational experience in your curriculum vitae usa should include:

  • Name of all post-secondary institutions attended
  • Degree or certificate received
  • Dates of attendance
  • Additional honors or awards that you received

You may also briefly mention specific courses or projects that you completed if they are relevant to the requirements of the Jobs for which you are applying.

For your work and volunteer experience, list the company or organization name and location on the first line. On the second line, list your title and department (if applicable).

Include a short section at the end of your resume that includes a description of any special skills you have such as knowledge of computer programs and foreign languages.

Spell check the resume at least two times, using an English spell check program.

Once you have completed your own edits and corrections, have someone else review your resume for mistakes Save your resume as both Microsoft Word and text only formats, as some employers and job sites accept only one of these.

If you have the ability to save your resume as a PDF, this can be a better format to use when sending email attachments because compatibility issues can sometimes arise with other file types.

Remember that your resume is a reflection of you.

Tailoring Your Resume

While responding to a job posting, it is necessary to make your resume specific to the position you are seeking.

Present your educational and professional experience in a way that matches the requirements and duties of the target position. This includes:

  • Including Target Keywords
  • Naming Relevant Subjects Studied
  • ALigning Skillset
  • Rewriting Summary Section


If Job Position states that the applicant should be familiar with budgeting principles,

Then Applicant should include descriptions of any projects you completed in school or in your job that is related to managing expenses, conducting financial analysis, or using accounting software and/or spreadsheets.

CV Help

We suggest you get your resume reviewed professionally.

Further there are plenty of services which shall allow you to rewrite your entire cv in order to fit the classic format.

The relevance of these services lie in the fact that you shall receive a professional texture to all aspects of your curriculum vitae. This includes:

  • Industry-Specific Keywords: Keywords to pass all ATS algorithm
  • Professional Templates: Industry-specific & official designs
  • Quantitative Action: Numertically aided contribution points
  • STAR points: Cause-effect point formation (Situation Task Answer Result)
  • Fluff-proof: Nil open-ends or insignificant details
  • Proofread: Nil grammatical or spelling errors
  • Quality Assured: Passed through multiple quality checks

Key Takeaways

If you're practiced in writing resumes, you may be tempted to shorten your CV to keep on one page.

However, because CVs require so much information, they’re typically multiple pages in length.

Basically, don’t delete important details to save space.

Before submitting your job application, be sure to thoroughly review your CV for any errors or inconsistencies.

Consider asking a trusted colleague or professional mentor to review it as well—especially if they’re experienced in the industry you’re applying to.

A second opinion can be useful in helping you craft a well-polished CV.